Decision support system
An information system that aids an organization in decision-making activities that require judgment, determination, and a sequence of actions.
1. The information system assists managers and leaders by analyzing data and accumulating information that can help solve problems and make decisions.
2. A decision support system is either human-supervised, automated, or a combination of both.
3. In the context of disaster resilient infrastructure, a decision support system can accelerate decisions and actions in time-sensitive situations.
Modified from Corporate Finance Institute (CFI) (2022)
Namibia Sensor Web Pilot Project
The Namibia Sensor Web Pilot Project has been implemented as a crucial testbed for decision support systems (DSS) aimed at monitoring floods and enabling flood risk assessment. The project provides flood extent maps generated from satellite images, which are readily available on demand, and delivered within just 12 hours of image acquisition. SRI has developed the Grid infrastructure that supports these services. By utilizing satellite data, the Namibian government has been able to significantly reduce the time required for delivering flood protection, prevention, and information services to the end users of infrastructure. This has allowed them to select reliable services that are crucial for safeguarding the population and reducing the negative impacts of flood-related disasters.
Source: Kussul, N., Skakun, S., Shelestov, A. Y., Kussul, O., & Yailymov, B. (2014). Resilience aspects in the sensor Web infrastructure for natural disaster monitoring and risk assessment based on Earth observation data. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 7(9), 3826-3832.