The ability of stakeholders in an infrastructure system to mobilize the required human, material and financial resources necessary to prepare for, mitigate against, respond to and recover from shocks and stresses, particularly under resource constraints.


1. Resourcefulness includes measures taken before a crisis to prepare the infrastructure system and its managers, including agreements for mobilization of surge capacities.

2. Resourcefulness helps the system to swiftly move from the response to the recovery phase.

3. See also “Redundancy”.


Reference for Note 2: Petit, F. D., Eaton, L. K., Fisher, R. E., McAraw, S. F., & III, M. J. C. (2012). Developing an index to assess the resilience of critical infrastructure. International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 16(1), 28-47.

Sports stadiums converted into temporary COVID-19 quarantine facilities

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries repurposed sports stadiums into quarantine facilities to cope with the overwhelming demand. In India, the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) worked together to convert the country's stadiums into isolation centres, with the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium in Assam transformed into a makeshift hospital with a capacity of 1,000. Similarly, the Dumurjala indoor stadium was quickly converted into a 150-bed quarantine centre, while the iconic Eden Garden stadium in Kolkata was repurposed to accommodate Kolkata Police personnel. The stadiums' pre-existing infrastructure, including lighting, water, and sewage systems, was effectively utilized to provide essential care for those in need.