A territory-based process aimed at the establishment of land uses to allow for sustainable development, environmental protection, public health, infrastructure connectivity, economic development, heritage protection and other measures, in a context of diverse and sometimes conflicting priorities and interests of different stakeholders.
1. Also referred to as "Regional planning", "Urban - regional planning", "Territorial planning", "Physical planning", "City - regional planning", "Town - regional planning".
Integration of flood risk assessment and spatial planning for disaster management in Egypt
Flooding is a serious and significant hazard in Egypt, as the country is often exposed to floods, particularly flash and fluvial floods occurring in urban areas. Rapid urbanization and climate change has increased the flood risk in Egypt. Urbanization, resulting in changes in land use or land cover has led to reduced soil permeability, increased surface run off and overloaded drainage systems. This has resulted in increased flood risk. In Egypt, researchers have observed a discontinuity between current spatial planning practices and flood risk management on the policy, academic and professional levels. Spatial planning could help to protect exposed assets from hazards, reducing surface water runoff and consequently reducing vulnerability. Integrating flood risk assessment in spatial planning, improving stakeholder awareness and collaboration, strengthening risk communication, and improving both quality and access to data can help to overcome the identified difficulties and enhance the integration between spatial planning and flood risk assessment, effectively increasing their flood resilience.
Source: Esmaiel, A., Abdrabo, K. I., Saber, M., Sliuzas, R. V., Atun, F., Kantoush, S. A., & Sumi, T. (2022). Integration of flood risk assessment and spatial planning for disaster management in Egypt. Progress in Disaster Science, 15, 100245.