Prospective disaster risk management
Activities that address and seek to avoid the development of new or increased disaster risks. They focus on addressing disaster risks that may develop in the future if disaster risk reduction policies are not put in place.
1. Examples include well-designed and built resilient infrastructure, ensuring robustness of assets, and planning for flexibility, safe failure, and redundancy in service provision. In the context of resilient infrastructure, they can focus on reducing risk through better build back, post impact policies and actions. Feedback loops are critical for this purpose. See also “Feedback Loops”.
Modified from UNDRR Sendai Framework Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction (2023)
Solar Microgrids in Fiji
The Republic of Fiji, an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, has over 300 islands. Two of these are much larger and more heavily populated. Island countries are particularly vulnerable to climate change, sea-level rise and hydrometeorological disasters. Compared to centralized systems, distributed renewable energy is less vulnerable to storm damage of electrical transmission lines. To reduce the impact of disaster risks, three solar microgrids, with a combined capacity of 555kW have been installed, to meet 40 percent of the daily electricity demands of three Fijian islands. This includes a 249kW solar plant in Kadavu island, and two 153kW solar plants in Lakeba and Rotuma islands. The Solar microgrid Fiji project was financed under the UAE-Pacific Partnership Fund, to support development of renewable energy projects. This US$5 million project, launched in March 2013, has been able to address the power outages faced by Fiji during cyclones. The microgrids will provide energy for residences as well as for developing small-scale industries and enterprises on the remote islands, and they will help avoid emitting 772 tons of CO2/annually.
- Reve. (2015, February 18). Micro grid solar energy plants in Fiji. REVE - News of the wind sector in Spain and in the world. Retrieved February 3, 2023.
- Weir, T., & Kumar, M. (2020). Renewable energy can enhance resilience of small islands. Natural Hazards, 104(3), 2719–2725.